Paradise Trip Karimun Jawa Island

Monday, 16 March 2009

Lies 90 km north east of Jepara in Central Java, The Marine National Park Karimun Jawa spread over 110,000 ha . The Karimun Jawa Islands comprise an archipelago of 27 small islets, of which Karimun Jawa is the largest. Only seven of the islands are inhabited. The vegetation consists mainly of mangrove and beach forest, although there is some lowland rain forest on Karimun Jawa. Most of the islands are surrounded by sandy beaches and fringing coral reefs. Fresh water is confined to a few small wells and forest streams on Karimun Jawa. The average tidal range is 92 cm.

Five of these islands are domestically inhabited and together with 22 others from the four major zones; Zone I is the core sanctuary area and is out of bounds to all, Zone 2 is the wilderness area open to limited tourism, Zone 3 is the utilization area, Zone 4 is the buffer zone.

For visitor to the Park, expect a very pleasant welcome, and an exciting range of flora and fauna to discover both above and below the water.The reefs harboring 35 types of hard corals, sponges, gorgonian, soft and red corals and an amazing 240 plus variety of fish.

At least 66 genera of corals have been identified; 353 species of reef fish; 7 species of giant clams and other marine organism such as mollusk, sponge, soft corals and sea worm. There are 16 species which are categorized as the endangered and rare species such as Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas), Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelis Imbricate), Giant Clam (Tridacna Maxima), Sand Clam (Hippopus Hippopus), Boring Clam (Tridacna Crocea), China Southern Clam (Tridacna Derasa)
Lamun and Seaweed Plain.

The identified Lamun are Thalassia Hempicrii), Cymodocea Rotundata, Thalassodendron Ciliatum, Enhalus Acorodes, Halophila Ovate, Halodule Uninervis, Halodule Pinifolia, Halophila Ovalis, Syringodium Isoetifoliu.

Mangrove Forest Ecosystem

There are 44 species of mangrove trees, one of the rare mangroves species in the world is Scyphyphora Hydrophyllaceae.

Coastal Forest Ecosystem

The ecosystem is characterized by Terminalia Cattapa, Casuarina Equisetifolia, Seaeta Frutescens, Pempis Acidula, and Hibiscus Tiliaceus.

Ecosystem of Lowland Tropical Rain Forest

It is the habitat of some endemic butterflies. Some species that have been identified in Karimunjawa are Euploea Crameri Karimondjawaensis and Idea Ieuconooe Karimondjawaensis. There is also Ular Edor, a poisonous snake (Calloselasma Rhodosthomd) and White-Bellied Sea Eagle (Heliaeetus Ieucogaster).


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